Wine terroir, apart from a trending term with billionaire consequences, is an interesting research topic where agronomy, edaphology, ecology, biology and chemistry are required for its study. Thus, it is a unique research area for applying omics-based approaches.
The key role that microorganisms play in vineyard health and yield, and in the performance of wine fermentation, puts microbiology as a keystone piece when trying to define and exploit a terroir. The use of High Throughput Sequencing (HTS), and other closely connected approaches, to understand microbial patterns determining wine terroir has been reviewed in this work, focusing both in vineyard and wine fermentation aspects.
link to the work: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780081005965228758?via%3Dihub